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Major: International Economic Relations
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Most Common Types of Internship
Olya Bezvushko

It is necessary to be aware of the variety of internship types before choosing which internships you will enjoy and profit from the most.

Get acquainted with following descriptions to focus your search for an internship and decide which one would most benefit you.

1. Field Experience. Students pursuing careers in science or sociology give preference particularly to this opportunity. Fieldwork works well for developing skills by observing, recording, mapping, and interpreting data. Research may encompass many different topics or be limited to one subject (like business protocol or gorilla behavior). Experience in the certain field allows to put the theories that you’ve learned in the classroom to a practical test. The best fieldwork experiences combine supervision and education (lectures, note-taking, and directed observation) with independent research practica (designing a research methodology, collecting and recording data, and drawing conclusions that result in the acceptance or rejection of an original hypothesis).

     2. Practicum. This type of internship let students their academic experience to real-world projects. By choosing this type, you will be supposed to work individually under the joint supervision of an employer and an academic adviser or in teams. It gives many benefits for those, standing in the job or graduate-school market. If you want to sign up for practicum, set an arrangement with your academic advisor, then browse through sites that are tailored to your educational, career and personal goals.

     3. Service Learning. It offers an opportunity to work in organized service in a particular community. You can work for a community service program, or institution of higher learning, elementary and secondary schools. Possible service learning projects might include working at a shelter for battered women, preserving native plants, designing a neighborhood playground, or assisting in a reading program at a local elementary school.

     4. Cooperative education. It can be described as a three-way partnership between a student, a college and an employer. Such internship provides an opportunity to combine work experience and gaining credits. Many colleges endorse cooperative education by partnering with a variety of employers to provide career-related opportunities. Participating students work in jobs that relate to their majors.

     5. Externship. It is distinguished by its short duration. The student is supposed to spend short time (usually one to three weeks) observing and often working with professionals in their career field of choice. One of the aims of externship is experiencing a typical day on the job and observeing the work environment and demands of the career. It enables to investigate a career field without making a long-term commitment. Most commonly, externships are implied in the legal and medical fields and are unpaid.

     6. Apprenticeship. It offers practical experience and in-school training. Apprenticeships vary in length from one to five years and are paid and wages increase as the apprentice gains experience. Trades offering apprenticeships include horticulture, the culinary arts, electronics technology, graphic art, clothing design, jewelry and goldsmithing, and plumbing technology.

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